2011 International Meeting King’s College London, Waterloo Campus July 4-7

June 21st, 2011 | by mihai |

8:30 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: 1.71 – Franklin Wilkins

Theme: First Century Archaeology

Jeannette Boertien, Presiding
Bart Wagemakers, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht/University of Amsterdam
New Valuable Records For Biblical Archaeologists: The Story of a Recently Discovered Travel Account and Picture Archive (30 min)

A former student of the École Biblique et Archéologique Française de Jérusalem recorded his journey through the Levant and his stay in Jerusalem in the mid-1950s by writing an account of his travels as well as taking photographs. This interesting document fell into oblivion for almost 55 years, and its existence finally came to light only recently. The record – which concerns Israel and Transjordan in particular – reflects the historical and archaeological state of affairs at the time and can therefore be considered to be valuable for scientific research in this area. This paper casts a glance at the document and reveals the significance of the account and the photographic material for the archaeology of Israel and Jordan.
Vladimirescu Mihai Valentin, University of Craiova
Daily Food in Jesus Time (30 min)


Abstract: This paper aims to emphasize and to analyze the israelite diet in Jesus time, taking into account the specific environment and climate, underlying also the role of the archaeological discoveries related to this subject. Since the first references to the concept of land flowing with milk and honey, the biblical texts indicate that food had to be grown responsibly and consumed in moderation, due to the fact that the production of food was not the result of autonomous human activity.

Discussion (15 min)
Break (30 min)
Patrick Scott Geyer, San Diego Community College District
Pollen Analysis of a First Century Pottery Works Cana, Israel (30 min)

In the spring of 2010 modern day residential expansion led to the clearing of agricultural land on the slopes above the traditional site of ancient 1st century Cana. Prior to digging the foundations for the new house a small archaeological crew from Israel Antiquities Authority, headed by Yardenna Alexandre, was called in to first survey and then excavate the footprint of the proposed structure. What was revealed upon excavation was a small industrial complex containing three workrooms, a cistern, a small pool for mixing clay and three, possibly more, pottery kilns. During the few weeks that these 1st Century structures were once again open to our view, pollen samples were taken from first the plaster floors and then later from select pieces of the recovered pottery. Both of these projects were undertaken during my 2009-2010 sabbatical year at the Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, and are the subject of this paper and an upcoming coauthored article. Eight of the pollen samples were taken from the workrooms, cistern and pool, which reveal the work patterns of the potters. Eight more samples were taken from a pile of small jugs found stacked in one of the rooms, which small jugs, along with some storage jars recovered in situ from the interiors of the kilns, were the only pottery types found within the industrial complex. This is in stark contrast to Kefar Hananya typology where we find primarily a manufacture of cookware. The results of these two small studies give us a window into the economy of 1st century Cana, as well as providing us with a more detailed analysis of the specialization and structuring of pottery manufacturing throughout the entire Galilean region.
Lena Einhorn, Stockholm, Sweden
A Shift From the 50′s to the 30′s? A Comparison of New Testament Accounts with Accounts of Later Events in the Writings of Josephus (30 min)

One of the limitations facing historical Jesus studies has been the lack of unequivocal first century testimony, outside of the New Testament texts. The most common explanation for this has been that Jesus probably was less important in his own time than the gospel narratives suggest. The lack of agreement between sources is, however, not limited to descriptions of Jesus. Although various names of people in authority appear in the New Testament, their activities almost never correlate with that found in other contemporary sources. This adds to the confusion. However, when a comparison of the New Testament with the works of Josephus was extended beyond the 30s CE, a number of distinctly similar events were revealed, that in Josephus’ writings occur with a consistent delay of fifteen to twenty years, i.e. in the mid-40s to early 50s. Among them is the rebellion of Theudas, the presence, activity and crucifixion of robbers, a conflict between Samaritans and Galileans, the attack on a man named Stephen outside Jerusalem, two co-reigning high priests, and, not least, one messianic leader displaying distinct similarities to John the Baptist, and another such leader with distinct similarities to Jesus. In fact, this exercise increased the number of close parallel events from a single one – when comparing the NT narratives with descriptions by Josephus of the 30s – to fifteen, when comparing the New Testament with the mid-40s to early 50s. It will be discussed whether these parallels really are depictions of the same events and people, and, if so, if the delay is the result of errors, or if it is, in fact, the result of a deliberate time shift in the New Testament narrative, perhaps implemented to avoid competing accounts of the same events and people.
Discussion (15 min)


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